Today in history: January 17, 1893 - The sovereign government of Hawaii is overthrown and replaced by Sanford Dole (part of the family that owned Hawaiian Pineapple Company which later became Dole Food Company) & pro-annexation sugar interests. U.S. marines land in Hawaii in support of the coup leaders to “protect U.S. interests.” Until the 1890s, Hawaii was an independent sovereign nation, recognized by the US, UK, France, Japan, Germany and other countries.
After overthrowing Hawaii’s leader Lilluokalani, Sanford Dole declares himself Hawaii’s president & the new illegitimate government lobbies for US annexation of Hawaii. Voting rights are conditioned on new income and wealth requirements, stripping power from native Hawaiians, while Asians who had become naturalized Hawaiians were also stripped of the vote and U.S. citizens who weren’t naturalized Hawaiians were granted voting rights.
The US Senate Foreign-Relations Committee recommends annexation, declaring it, “a duty that has its origin in the noblest sentiments that inspire the love of a father for his children.” In 1898, President William McKinley signs a joint resolution of Congress authorizing the annexation, consolidating the U.S. colonization of the Hawaiian nation. The struggle for Hawaiian sovereignty continues.
“The United States has conquered the indigenous peoples of North America, Hawai’i and Alaska. U.S. imperialism has taken their lands, suppressed their culture and carried out genocidal policies. Native American, Native Hawai’ian and Alaskan Natives struggles for sovereignty and national development (including control of land, natural resources and political autonomy) must receive the full assistance and support of those fighting for equality and socialism.” -from FRSO’s statement on national oppression
(image: U.S. troops in Honolulu to back up the overthrow of the Hawaiian government)
Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)